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  • 原文摘要
  • BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mounting evidence suggests that epitranscriptional modifications regulate multiple cellular processes. N6-Methyladenosine (m6A), the most abundant reversible methylation of mRNA, has critical roles in cancer pathogenesis. However, the mechanisms and functions of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) methylation remain unclear. Pancreatic cancer resulted in 411,600 deaths globally in 2015. By the time of pancreatic cancer diagnosis, metastasis has often occurred in other parts of the body. The present study sought to investigate lncRNA m6A modification and its roles in pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Differential expression between cancer cells and matched normal cells was evaluated to identify candidate lncRNAs. The lncRNA KCNK15-AS1 was detected in cancer tissues and various pancreatic cells using RT-qPCR. KCNK15-AS1 was transfected into cells to explore its role in migration and invasion. Then, m6A RNA immunoprecipitation was performed to detect methylated KCNK15-AS1 in tissues and cells. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers were used to evaluate KCNK15-AS1-mediated EMT processes. RESULTS: KCNK15-AS1 was downregulated in pancreatic cancer tissues compared with paired adjacent normal tissues. KCNK15-AS1 inhibited migration and invasion in MIA PaCa-2 and BxPC-3 cells. Furthermore, total RNA methylation in cancer cells was significantly enriched relative to that in immortalized human pancreatic duct epithelial (HPDE6-C7) cells. In addition, the m6A eraser ALKBH5 was downregulated in cancer cells, which can demethylate KCNK15-AS1 and regulate KCNK15-AS1-mediated cell motility. CONCLUSION: Our results have revealed a novel mechanism by which ALKBH5 inhibits pancreatic cancer motility by demethylating lncRNA KCNK15-AS1, identifying a potential therapeutic target for pancreatic cancer.
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