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  • 原文摘要
  • [目的]了解湖北神农架国家级自然保护区野生红腹角雉日活动节律变化,为保护区珍稀雉类的有效管理提供科学依据.[方法]在2010-08—09、2011-03—09月的研究期和2013-08—2015-05的研究期,分别利用36和60台红外相机,在保护区的90和188个研究相机位点,监测研究红腹角雉的活动节律,共获得295张有效独立照片.[结果]1)红外相机的拍摄率在4—9月明显高于其他月份,5月拍摄率最高;2)红腹角雉雌性和雄性每日均只有1个活动高峰期,其中雌性出现在10:00—12:00;雄性出现在06:00—08:00;3)人类干扰活动有2个高峰期,出现在10:00—12:00和14:00—16:00;在人类活动干扰后,平均间隔10.28天 ±4.07天才能再次拍摄到红腹角雉活动;4)在有人类活动干扰出现的区域,红腹角雉为了避开人类活动高峰期,变成有2个活动高峰期,分别出现在06:00—08:00和16:00—18:00.[结论]初步明确了红腹角雉的活动节律和受到的人为活动干扰情况以及红腹角雉在适应人为干扰上的应对策略. [Objective]This study aimed to understand the activity rhythm of wild Temminick 's Tragopan ( Trgopan temminckii) ,and provide a scientific support for the nature reserve to protect the pheasant more efficiently.[Method]A total of 36 cameras installed in 90 sites were used to monitor the activity of Temminick 's Tragopan in Shengnongjia National Nature Reserve of Hubei Province from August to September in 2010 and March to September in 2011; And then 60 infrared cameras installed in 188 sites were used to survey the activity of Temminick 's Tragopan there from August 2013 to May 2015. Totally,295 independent and effective photos were collected.[Result]The results showed that: 1) The frequencies of Temminick's Tragopan activity captured by infrared camera from April to September were significant higher than other months,the highest capture rates were in May. 2 ) One diurnal activity peak was observed for both female and male wild individuals,and the activity peak of female was in the morning,around 10:00 -12:00; the activity peak of male was in the morning,around 06:00 -08:00. 3) Two activity peaks of human disturbance were observed, i. e. ,10:00 -12:00 am and 14:00 -16:00 pm. The activity of Temminick's Tragopan was able to be captured again at an averaged interval of 10. 28 ± 4. 07 days after a human disturbance; 4) the daily activity of Temminick's Tragopan at the places with human disturbance appeared two peaks,06:00 - 08:00 am and 16:00 - 18:00 pm,respectively.[Conclusion]This study supplied a preliminary result on the activity rhythm of wild Temminick's Tragopan,its response to the human disturbance,and the corresponding adaption behavior.
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