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  • 原文摘要
  • 以青果巷历史街区为案例,通过认知地图法研究居民的集体记忆。研究结果表明青果巷历史街区的空间感应发展阶段为成长阶段。青果巷历史街区意象空间的构成要素中,道路、边缘、节点的熟悉程度体现了记忆的当下性和动态性;区域、标志的熟悉程度体现了记忆的连续性。最后青果巷历史街区居民集体记忆的影响因素中主观因素“拥有青果巷的生活经历”、客观因素“主干道附近的建筑/事物”、中介因素“通过书籍、报刊、杂志了解青果巷历史街区”对居民的集体记忆影响最大。 The paper takes Changzhou Qingguo Historic District as an example and studies mainly three parts. Firstly, through cognitive map method, it gained the residents’ sketches about Qingguo Historic District. After summarizing the five fundamentals(district, road, boundary, landmark, panel point) relfected in the sketches and the rate of dot, string and space, it showed that Qingguo Historic District’s space perception development period is now in the growing stage; Secondly, through questionnaire method, it revealed that residents’ collective memory about Qingguo Historic District takes the present centre view as the core and shows the feature of dynamics and continuity; Thirdly, through Factor Analysis, it got that residents are more familiar with the buildings which have their own memory (subjective factor), near to downtown, residence or working place (objective factor), have been reported by newspapers, magazines or TV(intermediary). To conclude, we should promote Qingguo Historic District’s space perception development period to a mature stage and strengthen the protection of historical sites. The restoration of Qingguo Historic District’s unique appearance is needed as well.
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